Published on May 05, 2016
EmDrive—the solution is found (?) or how to touch the void?
At first, briefly about the main thing.
An absolute motion sensor—a fundamentally new tool in the study of the Universe—can it be created? I think yes. Moreover, by the end of the article you will learn how to experimentally verify this.
You will also learn what makes EmDrive move and what EmDrive pushes off of. In addition, I will try to present the mechanics (principle) of such a thruster in this article.
Information about the EmDrive thruster — https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/EmDrive (RU), http://emdrive.wiki/Main_Page (EN), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RF_resonant_cavity_thruster (EN).
AN AC RAILGUN?
Let us go back to elementary physics for a moment—the railgun technology, to be exact. Railgun is known to comprise two parallel metal rods or strips, between which a metal projectile rests. When direct voltage is supplied to one end of the two parallel conductors, the electromagnetic force pushes the metallic object between the conductors in the opposite direction.
Now THE MOST IMPORTANT thing.
It is DIRECT CURRENT (DC) that we supply to the two parallel metal rods or strips.
HOWEVER, REPLACE IT WITH THE ALTERNATING CURRENT (AC) and remove the metal object from in between the rods.
What do we achieve by supplying alternating voltage? Weak electric current will appear in the chain.
To be precise, weak electric current will also flow in the space between the two parallel metal strips (or rods)! IT WOULD BE AS IF A CONDUCTOR WAS PRESENT BETWEEN THEM. However, ANY DIELECTRIC, INCLUDING VACUUM, can become a conductor in the space between the strips.
WHAT IS MORE IMPORTANT—the same electromagnetic force that drives the railgun will act on the dielectric. The only difference is instead of direct current, alternating current is used.
Only in this device (the AC railgun), the power pushing the dielectric will be extremely small since the current flowing through the dielectric is utterly small.
To ramp up the current, we need to increase the frequency accordingly. Higher frequency will boost the current between the metal strips (or rods).
But there is a limit.
The two parallel strips possess properties of capacitance as well as of inductance after all. Higher frequency will indeed raise the current, but only until capacitive and inductive resistances equalize. If frequency keeps rising afterwards, the current will start diminishing.
Now let us get back to the device itself. If between two parallel metal strips a tube of dielectric material filled with any medium (liquid, gas, and even a vacuum) is placed, it will be subject to the electromagnetic force directed from the ends where AC voltage supplied.
The article VACUUM PUMPS AND MORE takes the PRINCIPLE described above as a base. Once, I even wanted to patent such electric pump (and thruster), but later abandoned the idea since it will create too small a pressure differential (with high and ultra-high frequency required). Such devices may be very well find their application in special and research (laboratory) equipment.
I conducted an experiment, and here are some details. The axis rested on mechanical watch "cores" (2 screws with conical stones, on which the pendulum was swinging). On the axis, a mica rotor is located. Two metal conductors in thin insulation wound into identical symmetric spirals are located on both sides of the rotor. Alternating voltage with frequency of several hundred kHz was supplied (the frequency could be even higher, but I had no means of ensuring that).
WHEN I ENERGIZED THE CONTRAPTION, THE ROTOR STARTED TURNING, ALBEIT SLOWLY.
My main goal was to check if the principle works.
Now, THE MOST IMPORTANT THING again!
Given that mica moved/rotated (and instead of mica any dielectric, even plain paper, can be used, I think), gas and (!) vacuum can be moved too. Yes, the VACUUM itself, or rather anything in vacuum—hidden and undetectable by our devices. THE FIELDS (ELECTROMAGNETIC, GRAVITATIONAL) DO INTERACT WITH THE ENVIRONMENT WE CALL VACUUM THOUGH.
The device will be subject to the force directed in the opposite direction to the medium pushed out (any solid body, liquid, gas, or vacuum).
EmDrive WORKS ON THE SAME PRINCIPLE it seems.
At higher frequencies, one does not even need a conductor, and at microwave frequencies, waveguides are used instead of conductors.
ATTENTION! Who could conduct an experiment as described below? (Unfortunately, I am unable to).
THE EXPERIMENT IS ROUGHLY AS FOLLOWS. Two parallel metal strips (say, 1-meter-long and 0.05-meter-wide) are mounted about 0.02-0.05 m apart, with high voltage supply wires connected to one of their ends. The metal strips are sealed in a vacuum-tight glass envelope with no air. High-frequency voltage is supplied to them with frequency and voltage selected so that the current between the plates is maximized, but the vacuum gap is not triggered. The plates can also be completely covered with a thin layer of dielectric insulation—it will have negligible effect on the thrust value.
Therefore, if high-frequency voltage is applied to the plates, the glass envelope with plates will be subject to some kind of force directed along the envelope.
This will be the EmDrive, albeit running on the high-frequency radiation (current). The original EmDrive is working on microwave current (radiation). This is only the difference. The former will have a lower thrust value, and in the latter (the original)—a higher one.
Moreover, if it really turns out that the EmDrive is pushing off the vacuum (and I think it is really so), then we can “TOUCH” the vacuum, to FEEL and even MEASURE its MASS!
I think that the physical vacuum IS NOT just an illusion of virtual particles. It (the vacuum) has a REAL structure, energy, mass, REAL material particles, which our instruments not register though. For us, the vacuum is the void.
But there is more. The most interesting information follows now.
To me, the vacuum substance is FIXED, STATIC (as in “not moving”—some particles are not moving relative to a certain point in space (perhaps our three-dimensional space)). However, the particles are super-dynamic relative to each other.
How to check it experimentally?
If EmDrive does push off the myriad of “virtual” particles, and if the vacuum is not mobile, and everything real moves through the virtual—the force (thrust) generated by the EmDrive SHALL NEVER BE PERMANENT. It will always be dynamic, varying within a certain range in time, and there is NO PARADOX or error in the measurements.
For example, if we measure the force generated an EmDrive in any one spatial position, and then turn it by 90˚ (or 180˚) in any direction, the force produced should vary.
Such measurements must be carried out in vacuum.
Even if the machine is stationary in space, the force it generates must vary in time.
That is, all hourly measurements made within 24 hours should differ from each other.
If the measurements are accurate enough, and thrust does vary in time—IT IS A DIRECT PROOF OF VACUUM BEING STATIC relative to everything located in it.
The EmDrive is on planet Earth that moves around its axis and around the sun after all. The solar system also makes the rotational and translational motion in the Milky Way, which, in turn, moves in space. Clusters of galaxies and the universe in general are in motion.
WE CAN POTENTIALLY MEASURE THIS MOTION in the lab on the Earth!
(The only caveat is that the principle it is based on is indeed correct).
We get a terrific tool at our disposal—SENSORS OF ABSOLUTE MOTION IN SPACE.
If it is true or not, future experiments will show.